Anonymous said: Hey man , I'm in High School right now and by the end of June '14 I'll get to know about my UG college , and well , I was just thinking about PG already , so what kind of things do the MITians see when you're up for an Interview (for the LGO) , are the more Technical based or they even check your extra-curriculars ? I got this though because I've heard that PG colleges don't consider Extracurriculars , so yeah , respond soon , thanks :)

My advice would be to enjoy college and not worry so much about grad school yet.

15 October 2014 · Comments

Anonymous said: Is it true that students with US work authorization are primarily considered for the MIT LGO program?

It ends up being biased towards US students because of partner company restrictions (which we have to work for).  However, the companies and internships have become more global in recent years, so I would not be surprised if this shifts a little (but probably not much).  That being said - there are international people every year, so if you are a great fit - definitely apply.

15 October 2014 · Comments

Anonymous said: Hi Paul, I am planning to apply to the LGO program this year and came across your amazingly helpful blog on the journey. While I am highly attracted to the program with operations as my long term career choice, one of the aspects mentioned in the blog prompts the following question - your advise to LGOs is to connect a lot more with the Sloanies than they do. I wish to understand if the nature of the program results in a seclusion from the only MBA students or is it a cultural aspect.

Thanks for the question - I guess looking back the advice is confirmation bias of what I tried to do during school - meet a lot of different people.  However, I’m a very outgoing person and love meeting new people.  There are probably two reasons why LGO’s tend to stay tight with just the LGO crowd:

  1. LGOs are pretty awesome and we spend an entire summer alone together.  We end up making some pretty tight knit connections and the desire to keep making more friends after that is diminished.
  2. LGOs are engineers, which are probably less outgoing than the average population

I don’t think there is a right or wrong way to go about it.  All of the sloanies and LGOs I interacted with over the two years were and still are amazing people.  The community at Sloan is amazing.

15 October 2014 · Comments

Final Reflection

well that was a quick two years….

The ride on my blog journey may have stopped seven months ago, but my LGO journey certainly did not.  Nudged by an email from one of our coordinators asking “Final blog…please?” I decided I could head back to the web and drop some knowledge on you.  I’m going to start with some b-school basics, outlining my post in an ordered list:

  1. Major Reflections
  2. Favorite Moments
  3. Recommendations
  4. Next steps

Major Reflections

Although it never seems like you really have any free time for anything, I’ve spent a lot of time over the past two years reflecting.  This includes not only thinking about what I want to do, but what I don’t want to do, what is important to me and what kind of leader I want to be.

  • Owning your own leadership style: Before school, I always thought leadership talk was a bunch of mumbo-jumbo.  I thought it was just something good people do.  However, I have come to realize that it is actually something everyone needs to work at.  At some point everyone needs to decide if they want to be a leader.  For me, this decision came sometime within the two years.  I’m not sure when, but once you make this choice, it shapes all of the decisions you make - on how you approach classes, communication, team experiences and even how you want to live outside of work.  I have a more relaxed, laid back and non-confrontational style and I learned to really embrace my style and to leverage my strengths while also balancing off some of my weaknesses.  Instead of trying to change into someone I am not, I can be myself while continuing to learn.
  • Business School is more than the classroom: B-School is a very intense period for anyone’s life.  You spend so much time balancing classwork, having fun, listening to speakers, planning events, working on random projects and reflecting.  In every one of these activities you are likely to learn something.  Whether it is a memorable quote that you’ll use to reinforce your values, a formula from an operations class, an impressive way a classmate handled conflict, an interesting web site you hear about from a friend or a cultural experience at Sloan or in another country - you realize you are always learning.  B-school helps form such a strong foundation in this regard.  It has set me up for a lifetime of learning.  Once in b-school, always in b-school.

Favorite Moments/Experiences

There are almost too many good moments to list, however, there is one constant between all of them: great people.  I found that when I have a chance to get to know anyone through a personal conversation, that most in the Sloan + LGO communities are down to earth, passionate, open-minded, fun people.   

  • Zeynep Ton’s Management of Services/Ops Strategy Classes: I was lucky enough to be a TA for Ton’s Management of Services class in the fall.  I can say without a doubt that this is the best class I have ever taken and it helped me bring a stronger framework to the way I approach operations.  A lot of her research deals with how employers can take the high road and still make a profit while ALSO treating employees well.  Its a belief I felt very strongly about in the past, but never had a strong framework to voice those beliefs.  Now I do.  To read some of her thoughts: here.
  • New England C-function: It’s pretty hard to make it through the program and not find an event you feel strongly about.  For me, being a hardcore new englander (26+ yrs out of 27) made me a perfect fit to partake in a reenactment of a NKOTB performance my first year and to plan the entire event my 2nd year while also partaking in an 8-man irish jigg (yes, jigg - we learned from another one of our classmates, the former 46th top irish dancer in the world!) while dressed in kilts and boston sports jerseys
  • BVI Trip: Probably the most epic vacation I have ever taken.  217 people, 21 40+ foot catamarans sailing around the BVIs for a week.  Again, made possible by the great student lead planners and all of the people I got to spend the week with. DO NOT SKIP THIS TRIP


At the beginning of the program I didn’t really think that anyone wanted to listen to my advice.  I figured most people hate getting told what to do.  However, I realized that most young people have no idea what they want to do and love to gain wisdom from other people.  I gained many a tid bit from speakers that came in and shared not only their business lessons, but life lessons.  Here are some of my recommendations for the next two years:

  • Get out of your comfort zone a few times: Its good to get out of your comfort zones a few times.  Volunteer for a committee, do a dance in front of 300 of your classmates, volunteer to give the presentation.  It’s school.  Never again will it matter so little in comparison to the future.  I did this in a number of ways, but I can definitely recommend two classes.  One was “Literature, Ethics and Authority” with Leigh Hafrery which analyzed institutions versus the individual through movies, literature and short stories. Haven taken no literature classes in college, this was a welcome change of pace for someone that has taken too many math classes.  I was able to strengthen my writing skills while trying to analyze history through works of art and trying to compare to the dynamics of today’s business world.  Obviously, I still need to work on my writing, but definitely take the class.  The second class I took was an improvisational leadership class which analyzed different leadership styles through improvisational techniques.  The class is quite a different pace from typical b-school classes, but definitely hit the mark on letting my reflect in a structured yet creative manner.
  • Put things in perspective, start to figure out “what matters”: For some reason, I have been blessed with a basic view of how I see the world that enables me to operate at very low stress levels, rarely get angry and live a very happy life.  During school I was able to realy define some of my beliefs and clearly state what matters to me.  Never again will you have so much time for yourself to truly figure out what matters.  This can be many things: family, career, money, status, impact, being a leader, being a teacher, being a mentor, your kids, your friends etc..  Just pick something…  For me, one thing I plan to prioritize in my future are my family and close friends.  As I heard from one speaker: “No success at work can make up for failure at home.”
  • Spend more time thinking about recruiting: I may post a longer discussion on my takeaways from recruiting, but LGOs are at a disadvantage for recruiting.  This is mainly because we do not have to put much thought into internships in the first year.  By comparison, sloanies go through the MBA process in the winter and have time to reflect on what they did right/wrong before going through it again.  The best piece of advice I can give is to really focus.  Figure out your constraints.  For me, these were a position in Boston, a strategic role, and great people.  Luckily I found those, but I am not sure I would have without focusing on what I knew fit well for me and my future goals.
  • Leave the LGO lounge occasionally: Get to know the sloanies, they are awesome.  You’ll get to know all of the LGOs whether you want or not, which is also a great thing.

Next Steps

During school, I explored many different areas outside my comfort zone and areas that I thought I may well be interested in.  In the first summer, I became very interested in healthcare operations.  I still am very interested in it, but realized I was not passionate enough to pursue such a specific operations discipline this early in my career.  That may change, we shall see.  Regardless, I am glad I took many healthcare classes and was able to work on a project for MIT Medical.  I gained a stronger understanding of one of the the most complex challenges facing the US and the broader world today.  It was great to get past all of the politics and look at the actual facts, stakeholders, the changes that are happening and have been tried over the past hundred years.  I came to MIT to be exposed to some of the worlds toughest challenges and I am happy to say I have come out with a much stronger understanding of at least one of those challenges.

Through my internship I put myself in a unionized environment on the manufacturing floor.  For me, this was an opportunity to put a lot of tools and approaches I had developed during the LGO program and  as a consultant into a front-line environment.  As expected, this was an incredibly tough environment.  I also realized I was spending most of my time dealing with internal company politics.  I didn’t like that balance and decided I wanted to avoid large companies after school.  This made me change my goal from the beginning of the program to joining a large manufacturing company (likely a partner company).  I needed something smaller where I spend most of my time on improving things, not on battling political and heirarchy challenges. 

My next step will be joining a small consulting firm, a-connect, in Boston.  They have a slightly different model than typical consulting firms with only 50 people internal to the firm, but a large pool of external ex-consultants and experts that are staffed on specific projects.  My role will be 50% staffed on those projects and the other 50% helping with client development, staffing, recruiting and knowledge management.  I am incredibly excited about the role.  I will be doing the type of strategic work I loved before school while also taking more of an entrepreneurial role in helping this small firm grow - something that I know will be enjoyable given the quality of people I have met at the firm.

That’s all for now.  On to the next step.  Please email me if you ever have any LGO questions!

5 June 2012 · Comments

Business schools say reputable dual-degree programs also serve to strengthen ties with industry, which is what MIT says has happened with its Leaders for Global Operations program. In that dual-degree track, candidates receive an MBA and a master’s in engineering in one of seven engineering disciplines. Candidates must meet the rigorous application requirements of both MIT’s Sloan School of Management and its engineering school. The program has inspired partnerships with 24 companies, ranging from (AMZN), to Verizon Wireless (VZ), to Kimberly-Clark (KMB). As a partner, the companies get premier recruiting access to students who have been groomed to run large manufacturing facilities. MIT strategically recruits for the program and aims to attract 10 percent to 15 percent of its MBA class into that dual-degree track.

~ Dual Degrees: For MBAs, the Road Not Taken - Businessweek

3 December 2011 · Comments

Are you the class of 2014?

It’s that time again, recruiting for next year’s LGO class.  Ambassador day will be November 7th this year and is run by the first year students.  Last year I was in charge of running the day, but this year an able group of 13’s are in charge.  I’m looking forward to being able to meet more people this year rather than helping coordinate activities.  

Here is an overview of the schedule:

Ambassador Day Schedule: November 7, 2011, 10 a.m.-5:30 p.m.
By sitting in on a class, having lunch with current LGO students and admissions staff, or participating in a student-run panel discussion, you will engage in a LGO experience that is both informative and interactive.
10-10:30 a.m. Check in at the LGO office
10:30 a.m.-Noon Tour the MIT campus with current LGO students
Noon-1 p.m. Engage in a LGO student panel discussion
1-2:15 p.m. Enjoy lunch and mingling with LGO students and staff members
2:30-4 p.m. Attend a class (Engineering or Business)
4-5:30 p.m. Attend a partner company pro-seminar

Information Evening Schedule: November 7, 2011: 6:30-8:30 p.m.


Also, a picture from last year (we will be getting the balloons again!):

21 October 2011 · Comments

Wrapping up the internship

I’m winding down my internship at Raytheon and thought I would share a few thoughts.

First, I think people in the program get a lot of anxiety around the whole internship process.  People worry where they are going to be located, what project or focus they will work on and who they will be working for.  I understand its a great way to get easy access to a company or location, but people probably stress a little much over the whole process.  No matter where you end up, its what you signed up to do and its going to be an incredible learning experience.

Even if we hate the internship, hate the location, the project fails or your boss hates you (I’ll be honest, these things happen) everyone gets to come back to school.  Back to a program that they love. 

Back in school, you can hit the reset button and step back to focus on what you really want to do.  Thats where I am now.  I’m reflecting on my experience, understanding what went well, what went poorly and how I would change it the next chance I get.  In addition, I tried to analyze what was important to me.  I pretty much knew coming in what I was looking for in a job (working with great people on challenging projects), but the experience at Raytheon helped to reinforce that for me.

Thesis wise, I did get a jump start on structuring the document in the final weeks of my internship.  I have a good idea of what I am going to write about (with help from my advisors) and how I am going to accomplish it.  I’m aiming for completion sometime around the fall.  My classmates are probably not going to be very happy if I am one of the first ones to hand it in :-)

That’s it for now.  Submit some questions here about the internship/thesis/off-cycle anything… and I’d be happy to answer them!

4 August 2011 · Comments

MBA for Funeral Services: FuSeMBA

Alternate options for MBA’s!

27 July 2011 · Comments

Which MBA? | Subject matters: Operations management

Nice piece from our director on why Ops matters.

15 July 2011 · Comments

better technology is not always better

When I went to get money from Financial Aid this last week (living on loan money, yay!) I found out that they added a new feature.  Instead of getting a paper check and leaving with the “money” in hand, they had now enabled direct deposit and preferred for me to use that method.  As a lover of the internet and technology, I was pleased. The person told me all I had to do was enable the feature and then shoot my financial aid rep an email asking them to transfer the money.

I went home, enabled the feature and then emailed my financial aid rep to transfer the money.  I waited two days and heard nothing.  I called financial aid again and they said I had to email my account rep, not the financial aid rep.  Another email, nothing.  Waited over a weekend and then finally called on Monday morning.  They informed me that the system is not yet working and that they would transfer me to my account rep to get it in motion.  I talked to my account guy and he said he would take care of it.  By take care of it, I mean that he told me it would arrive by direct deposit in an unknown number of days, “maybe 2-3” or they would mail me a check.

The lesson here is that although the new process may save them time, it is a worse experience for the customer.  They lose transparency and control in the process and have to build in a buffer between when they need money and when they should start requesting it.  In my situation, the account person still had to deal with me, saving no time.  Instead of walking right out with a check I am still waiting an unknown amount of time for a payment through an unknown format (mail or virtual).  Before, I had one physical visit and talked to the account rep for 5 minutes.  After the change, I had one physical visit, 3 separate phone calls, two unanswered emails and an addition of 5-? days for a possible delivery of payment through an unknown format.

Granted, I save the time I would have to wait after depositing a check, but I’ve lost control and transparency into the process.  These are important things to think about when trying to make an improvement in the ops world.  What is the effect on the customer??

11 July 2011 · Comments

Why failure is a good thing. Really.

Failing is an essential part of the learning process.  In many of the places I’ve worked and studied, I’ve noticed many people with an enormous fear of failure.  As an engineering undergrad, I learned to fail very quickly.  Going down for the count with my fellow classmates, we learned quickly how little we knew and that we needed a new, different approach.  

This mindset has been an asset during the LGO program.  Not being afraid of failing, I’ve tried to immerse myself in classes and activities that are outside my comfort zone.  Additionally, I’ve been able to focus (or not focus) on the material that I know I am interested in and will help me down the road.  Although a bit selfish , this mentality helps me avoid the natural academic fear of not getting that 100 in every class.  Granted, given the collaborative nature of the LGO experience, I still owe it to my classmates to put in the effort in every one of my classes.

Taking this topic to my internship, I have been overwhelmed with the fear of failure that exists among many of the people I’ve worked with.  Everything is focused on planning, business plans and return on investment.  These are essential parts of business, but having such rigorous planning and vetting of every idea without trying anything seems to limit the frontline innovation of the companies I have worked for.  This is not distinct to Raytheon.  I’ve experienced this at McKinsey, GE and Pratt & Whitney.  People use these processes of planning and budgeting as an excuse to avoid simple experiments that will quickly tell you if something will work or fail.

Why don’t people want to experiment?  Because you fail a lot.  I’m experiencing that in my current project.  In the initial stages of trying to develop a kitting cart, people were hesitant to get involved in the idea generation and design stage of the process.  No one wanted to take the fall if it failed.  When people fail at Raytheon, and I imagine many other manufacturing environments, someone has to take the blame.  I know its not right, but its a reality. Luckily, I’m only there 6 months and went into it knowing I would fail at some level.  

We finally got this kitting cart in on Friday and its not perfect.  People quickly pointed out its shortcomings, but I was also quickly able to get them involved in the brainstorming process.  It took that initial failure and the leap to try something new to get everyone to a point where they are willing to now take part in the process.  The initial solution was not perfect, but it enabled everyone to see the next step in the process and not worry as much about failure.  Secretly, I’ve just got them to take part in continuous improvement.  Pick any one of the “cycles”, Plan-Do-Check-Act, etc… they are all the same.  And they work.  I’m just happy I made a small improvement and could bridge the gap from what science knows and business does.

People aren’t perfect.  Let them fail, and fail often.  As long as they have the capability to learn from it.  Here’s a great TED video on being wrong.

15 June 2011 · Comments

Which brings us to the third skill that you must have but haven’t been taught—the ability to implement at scale, the ability to get colleagues along the entire chain of care functioning like pit crews for patients. There is resistance, sometimes vehement resistance, to the efforts that make it possible. Partly, it is because the work is rooted in different values than the ones we’ve had. They include humility, an understanding that no matter who you are, how experienced or smart, you will fail.


News Desk: Cowboys and Pit Crews : The New Yorker

Great graduation speech from Atul Gawande given at Harvard Medical School this week.  He’s talking about healthcare, an issue I’ve been reading and following pretty regularly, but I think this applies to any industry.  This could easily sum up the culture I experience at Raytheon every day.

The question is, how do you shift people away from this mindset?  

1 June 2011 · Comments

…if management stopped demotivating their employees then they wouldn’t have to worry so much about motivating them.


Dr. W. Edwards Deming

If management stopped demotivating their employees… — Lean Blog

The first time I heard about the program formerly known as LFM was through a blogger, Mark Graban.  He is the author of one of the best Lean resources on the web,  I read it in college and knew that I wanted to consider this program down the line.  It’s pretty cool that I am now a student blogger and can touch on some of the professional things I am passionate about.

Right now, I cannot hold a candle to Graban, so I would suggest checking out this piece on Deming and motivation at employers.  I’ve been in situations where employers are GREAT at demotivating their employees, so I find this kind of thinking fascinating.  People are obsessed with getting belt certifies, but never bother to understand what the goal is or how to actually treat others.  Deming was one of the first thinkers in this area and more recently Daniel Pink (just read his exceptional book, Drive).

My biggest fear that Mark and ultimately, Deming, brought up is that extrinsic motivation gradually replaces intrinsic motivation throughout ones career.  I’ve seen the challenging consequences of this at Raytheon, where most people have been in this extrinsically driven environment at only this company for their entire career.  If the right leader took over at the front lines, could they turn people, or is it too late?

I’m glad people like Mark keep pushing the agenda on this kind of thinking.  Companies, especially the large ones, do not “get it” yet.  I hope to change that during my career.

23 May 2011 · Comments

reading from the fall

To be honest, I did not do a lot of the assigned reading from the fall.  Although I love reading, I was balancing trying to be a good boyfriend with spending a ton of hours with school work.  I have always prioritized people that are close to me even if it will hurt my grades a little.  This doesn’t really bother me because I know I love learning. 

Getting to the point, I am getting around to doing some of the reading from the fall.  One of the best decisions was reading Influence by Robert Cialdini.  This was one of the best books I have ever read.  Hands down. It discusses a lot of our irrational flaws as humans.  Paired with predictably irrational, these two books should be required reading for anyone with ambition after college.  Here are a couple of counterintuitive notions (maybe not, depending on how you think) from Cialdini:

  • People react to how you appear.  If you are good looking, or make attempts to look more professional, people will trust you.  For example, twice as many people followed a stranger across a crosswalk when he was wearing a suit as compared to regular clothes.  Same thing works for security officers dressed like police.  We trust them for now reason.
  • People are much more likely to react favorably to a message being delivered if it is spoken during the consumption of a mean.  This does not work if the message is said before or after the meal, it must be during.
  • Explained how door to door salepeople success, giving you free services that force you to “feel bad” and reciprocate with purchasing something you really don’t want.

The great thing about this book is it make you become more aware of your personal vulnerability.  Contrary to most people, I look forward to failing because I realize I am human hence, irrational and mistake-prone.  Its how we learn from our errors and realize why we are thinking the way we do that gives allows us to continually learn and grow throughout our lives.

The lesson here is some of the reading recommended through school is pretty cool, no matter when you actually end up reading it.

22 May 2011 · Comments

FN LN (by danariely)

Great video by ex-MIT professor Dan Ariely.  Too bad I missed having a class with him here.  I think his cynicism is appropriate and is indicative of students attitudes across all classes.

10 May 2011 · Comments

About Me


I am Paul Millerd, a member of the MIT Leaders for Global Operations class of 2012. This blog will chronicle my adventures through the two years in the program. I will do my best to be candid and actually write things that are interesting.

I am happy to answer any questions on anything to do with MIT, LGO, Boston, social life etc...

Submit a question
-Accepts anonymous questions

My background: Dual degree from UConn through the Management and Engineering for Manufacturing program in 2007. A year in GE's financial management program working in supply chain and product development. Then two years with McKinsey & Company as an operations research analyst.

Further, in the spirit of continuous improvement, please give me feedback to let me know what you want to see more or less of.

Classmate Bloggers!

Amil '12
in an LGO state of mind

Limor '12
Chronicles of an LGO Girl

Annie '12
The LGO Experience

Eddie '12
The Optimized LGO Student

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